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  • Botanical Garden

    Inhotim’s gardens are unique, with rare beauty and a landscaping design that exploits all the aesthetic possibilities of the botanical collection. More than objects of contemplation, the gardens are a field for floral studies, the cataloging of new botanical species, onsite and off-site conservation, and environmental education actions. In 2010, Instituto Inhotim entered the official roster of botanical gardens of the National Commission of Botanical Gardens (CNJB) and since then has been a member of the Brazilian Botanical Garden Network (RNJB).





    The Inhotim Botanical Garden (IBG) maintains, propagates and allows for studies of the botanical species of its collection of approximately 5,000 species, representing more than 28% of the known botanical families on the planet. The IBG’s work is primarily focused on threatened species, the conservation of genetic resources, and the arrangement of the species in landscaping designs. The introduction of little-known species in landscaping designs is one of the strategies used to raise the visitors’ awareness about the importance of plant biodiversity for human survival.









    The Inhotim PRNH

    Besides its 140-hectare visiting area, Instituto Inhotim has a 145-hectare area known as the Inhotim Private Reserve of Natural Heritage (PRNH), situated in the Atlantic Forest Domain. The PRNH consists of remnants of the Seasonal Semi-Deciduous Mountain Forest, found in different stages of ecological succession, and of some patches of cerrado biome at the tops of the mountains. More than 1,000 species of vascular plants are found in the area, along with a vast floral diversity and three natural springs. In May 2010, the Inhotim PRNH was officially recognized by the federal government, through the Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade (ICMBio).

    Botany Collection

    Instituto Inhotim’s botanical collection consists of groups with landscaping value while furthermore possessing significant phylogenetic representativity. Altogether, there are about 5,000 accessions, representing 181 botanical families, 953 genera, and a little more than 4,200 species of vascular plants. This great diversity makes the Inhotim Botanical Garden (IBG) a unique space, with the largest collection, in terms of the number of living species, of all the Brazilian botanical gardens.

    Inhotim possesses one of the most significant collections of palms in the world, with about 1,400 species, more than 1,800 accessions and a total of more than 20,000 individuals (including seedlings and adult plants). The collection of Araceae, a family that includes philodendrons, anthuriums and arum lilies, is the largest in Latin America, with more than 600 accessions and about 450 species. The orchids are represented by about 420 accessions, with more than 330 species.

    The botanical collection kept in the IBG contributes to ex situ (off-site) conservation since it maintains and allows for the replication of a large number of species, some of them threatened by extinction in their habitat. Moreover, in accordance with the philosophy of botanical gardens, Inhotim maintains partnerships with various institutions and seeks to foster exchange among collections, allowing for future stages of the reintroduction of these species in their natural environments.

    During the conference Rio +20, held in 2012, the IBG, in conjunction with the Brazilian Botanical Garden Network (RBJB), released the National System for the Off-Site Conservation of Plant Life, an interactive platform on which 46 Brazilian institutions register and share the threatened species in their collections. The platform moreover allows for the accompaniment of the goals foreseen by the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation, established by the United Nations (UN).

    conheça o Sistema Nacional de Conservação Ex Situ da Flora

    Números do acervo botânico

    4.710

    acessos

    52

    ordens

    181

    famílias

    953

    gêneros

    +4.200

    espécies

    Famílias mais bem representadas

    1

    Arecaceae

    1.807 acessos
    2

    Araceae

    637 acessos
    3

    Orchidaceae

    420 acessos
    4

    Bromeliaceae

    129 acessos
    5

    Fabaceae

    124 acessos
    6

    Acanthaceae

    101 acessos
    7

    Asparagaceae

    97 acessos
    8

    Heliconiaceae

    89 acessos


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    Landscaping

    The IBG’s landscaping – that is, the arrangement of the botanical collection within the visiting area – takes advantage of aesthetic patterns as a tool for raising public awareness about the importance of biodiversity. Although it cannot be framed within a single style, some principles can be observed in Inhotim’s landscaping, such as the preference for the use of bunches or patches of species that take advantage of the effect caused by grouping.

     

     

    Surprise as a landscaping language is also another much used principle, with curves or passages that suddenly open up onto new perspectives. There is furthermore a continuous effort to enlarge the landscaping vocabulary. The introduction of little-known species in the gardens is also a priority that seeks to present plants which, despite their rare beauty, are almost never used in landscaping designs around the world. Thus, even though Inhotim’s landscaping clearly obeys aesthetic patterns, it includes a wide variety of the species that can be used in the institute’s environmental education activities.

     

     

    The Botanical Curatorship

    The botanical curatorship organizes the growth of the Inhotim Botanical Garden’s collection, in regard to both the conservation of the species and the arrangement of the existing collection, as well as the strategic definition of guidelines for new acquisitions of species. In articulation with the art curatorship, architects, and the technical area, the botanical curatorship actively participates in the projects of installing new galleries, pavilions, and works in the open air, defining the botanical and landscaping design around the art collection. The integration of these areas ensures an absolutely harmonic relation between nature and contemporary art.

    The Educational Plant Nursery

    In the Educational Plant Nursery’s gardens, activities are carried out for the maintenance of the botanical collection, scientific research, conservation and environmental education. A selected portion of Inhotim’s entire collection is represented in the gardens of the space that occupies an area of approximately 25 thousand m².

    The concept of the space goes beyond the cultivation of botanical species and scientific research. At the Educational Plant Nursery, information and practical experience contribute to the construction of knowledge, environmental awareness and the popularization of science in a playful and interactive way. The path, which winds among species of plants from all over the world, allows the visitor to make contact with a diversity of experiences involving the plant kingdom, its different groups and varied forms. The visitor can observe extravagant carnivorous plants, various species of orchids, medicinal and aromatic plants, exotically beautiful aquatic plants, palms, and a spectacular diversity of araceae, such as the eccentric corpse flower (Amorphophalus titanum).




    Espaços do Viveiro Educador




    Guigo Path

    An interpretive trail that offers the visitor empirical and scientific information concerning the fauna, flora and the general environment of a portion of the Atlantic Forest, awakening interest for the conservation of biodiversity.

    Garden of the Senses

    Arranged in the shape of a mandala, the garden contains medicinal, aromatic and toxic plants, providing the visitor with experiences that stimulate various senses of human perception.

    Equatorial Greenhouse

    An environment with controlled temperature and humidity, allowing for the cultivation of tropical species such as the families Araceae, Arecaceae, Piperaceae, Heliconiaceae, and others.

    Juçara Grove

    A space that re-creates the environment of the Atlantic Forest, with areas of shade, mild temperature and high humidity. An invitation to contemplation of the native species of this sort of biome, some of which are threatened with extinction.

    Environmental Management

    Instituto Inhotim seeks alternatives to mitigate environmental impacts resulting from its activities, thus being acknowledged as a global benchmark in sustainability.

    Environmental Regulation

    Respect for the environment is a duty of all institutions committed to sustainable development and quality of life. Inhotim reports all and every impacting activity to environmental agencies, so as to be granted due authorization to carry out such activities. 

    Solid Waste Management

    Solid waste management at Inhotim includes an inventory of the types of residues, as well as proper storing and disposal. Based on the ABNT NBR 10004/2004 technical standard, which classifies solid wastes according to their pollutant potential, the residues are sent to the places indicated: 

    Class I Waste (hazardous): it has its own storing place, where it is collected and taken to an industrial landfill by a certified outsourced company. 

    Class II A Waste (non-inert): stored in containers identified by color, collected by the local administration and taken to a landfill. Except for recyclable waste, which is separated by the department that generates the waste, then stored in different-color containers and taken to the local association of waste pickers.

     Class II B Waste (inert): includes mainly construction debris, which is stored in buckets and taken to an industrial landfill. 

    Water Resource and Effluent Management

    Inhotim is located at a very rich region in terms of water resources. Several springs and natural lakes are protected by forest remnants kept untouched by the Institute, also including a Private Natural Heritage Landmark, RPPN Inhotim (Portuguese acronym). 

    Artesian wells and water reservoirs for irrigation are used to supply water to the park.The park also has its own system comprising septic tanks and biological treatment stations used to treat the effluents generated. Water and effluent samples regularly undergo physical-chemical monitoring, so as to maintain the quality when it comes to water resources and effluent treatment. 

    Fauna Management

    Located between the Atlantic Rainforest and Cerrado (Brazilian Savannah) biomes, the Institute has boosted all of the park’s biological diversity. In order to learn about the local wildlife, the Institute conducts partnerships with universities and expert researchers. 

    learn more about the research

     

    Technology and Environmental Innovation

    Inhotim Carbon Credit: Launched during the 2013 Environment Week, the project is intended to offset Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GHG).An online ecological calculator was developed in partnership with Plantar Carbon. The calculator allows visitors to calculate the amount of GHG emitted annually and offset emissions. The action culminated in the unprecedented UN-certified sale of carbon credits to individuals.

    “Among Butterflies” Circuit: Developed based on data obtained in a scientific project conducted in partnership with Centro Universitário UNA, the environmental education circuit allows visitors to have contact with the park’s butterflies. An illustrated guide with information on the specimens collected during the project invites visitors to a stroll with strategic stops in areas where each species is more abundant. 

     

    Research

    The flora and fauna collection of Inhotim’s Botanical Garden is a field for advanced and innovative studies. The research projects are mainly focused on the off-site conservation of species and on the sustainable use of components of biodiversity. The production of knowledge at Inhotim is also aimed at the development of environmental technologies and planning for the conservation of the natural environment. The studies are developed by investigators of Instituto Inhotim and on the basis of dialogue with institutional networks formed by public and private universities, as well as various companies and public agencies.


    conheça as pesquisas desenvolvidas no Jardim Botânico Inhotim   Fundo Clima project